Srilanka Birds

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Srilanka Birds

Srilanka Birds

Sri Lanka is a tropical island situated close to the southern tip of India. The bird life of Sri Lanka is very rich for its size, and about 433 species have been recorded. In addition to the many resident birds, a considerable number of migratory species winter in the country to escape their northern breeding grounds.

233 species are resident, of which the most important are the 27 endemics, with 7 more proposed. The other resident species are also found in the adjacent Indian mainland, but over 80 have developed distinct Sri Lankan races. Some of these races are very different in their plumage characteristics from the related forms in India.

Bird distribution in Sri Lanka is largely determined by its climatic zones. The dry zone is largest of the three, covering more than half of the area of the island, with a prolonged dry and hot period and only one monsoon (the northeast monsoon from October to January).

The wet zone, with two monsoons, is in the southwestern quarter of the island, where the few remaining rain forests are found and humidity is high.

The central hill zone rises to over 2450 m (8-10,000 ft) and has a cool temperate climate. Most of the 26 endemic species are confined to the wet and the hill zones, with only a few extending into the dry zone as well.


List Of Birds:


Painted Francolin
Sri Lanka Spurfowl
Sri Lanka Junglefowl
Indian Pond-heron
Grey Heron
Great Egret
Little Egret
Spot-billed Pelican
Little Cormorant
Brahminy Kite
White-bellied Sea-eagle
Crested Serpent-eagle
Changeable Hawk-eagle
White-breasted Waterhen
Barred Buttonquail
Red-wattled Lapwing
Common Sandpiper
Whiskered Tern
Spotted Dove
Emerald Dove
Pompadour Green-pigeon
Green Imperial-pigeon
Sri Lanka Hanging-parrot
Plum-headed Parakeet
Emerald-collared Parakeet
Indian Cuckoo
Blue-faced Malkoha
Greater Coucal
Asian Palm-swift
Little Swift
Crested Tree-swift
Malabar Trogon
Stork-billed Kingfisher
White-throated Kingfisher
Common Kingfisher
Little Green Bee-eater
Blue-tailed Bee-eater
Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill
Malabar Pied Hornbill
Brown-headed Barbet
Crimson-fronted Barbet
Coppersmith Barbet
Brown-capped Woodpecker
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker
Greater Flameback
Ashy Woodswallow
Common Iora
Common Woodshrike
Black-headed Cuckooshrike
Small Minivet
Scarlet Minivet
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
Brown Shrike
Black-hooded Oriole
White-bellied Drongo
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo
White-browed Fantail
Black-naped Monarch
Asian Paradise-flycatcher
Great Tit
Barn Swallow
Red-rumped Swallow
Jerdon's Bushlark
Zitting Cisticola
Grey-breasted Prinia
Jungle Prinia
Plain Prinia
Black-crested Bulbul
Red-vented Bulbul
Asian Black Bulbul
Common Tailorbird
Brown-capped Babbler
Dark-fronted Babbler
Yellow-billed Babbler
Oriental White-eye
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch
Hill Myna
Common Myna
White-rumped Shama
Indian Robin
Asian Brown Flycatcher
Tickell's Blue-flycatcher
Jerdon's Leafbird
Golden-fronted Leafbird
Thick-billed Flowerpecker
Purple-rumped Sunbird
Purple Sunbird
Long-billed Sunbird
White-rumped Munia
Scaly-breasted Munia
Forest Wagtail
Grey Wagtail

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